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Credits
日本語
伊呂波

Guidelines for citation

When presenting research results taken from this corpus, please be sure to include a citation in the following form:

National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2016). “NINJAL Parsed Corpus of Modern Japanese.” (Version 1.0) (http://npcmj.ninjal.ac.jp/interfaces/ accessed YYYY/MM/DD).

(Change the access date as necessary.)

The annotated data includes articles from the Kahoku Shimpo newspaper (newswire_KAHOKU) with the permission of the KAHOKU SHIMPO PUBLISHING CO.; data from the example sentences of “Kiso Nihongo Bunpou — Revised edition” (textbook_kisonihongo) with the permission of the authors, Takasi Masuoka and Yukinori Takubo; data from the example sentences of “A dictionary of basic Japanese grammar” (textbook_djg_basic), “A dictionary of intermediate Japanese grammar” (textbook_djg_intermediate), “A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar” (textbook_djg_advanced), and their respective sections on “grammatical terms” (textbook_djg_gram_terms), with the permission of the authors, Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui; data from the example sentences of “A dictionary of Japanese particles” (textbook_particles), with the permission of the author, Sue A. Kawashima; and data from the example sentences of “Basic Japanese: A grammar and workbook” (textbook_purple_basic), “Intermediate Japanese: A grammar and workbook” (textbook_purple_intermediate), with the permission of the authors, Shoko Hamano and Takae Tsujioka.

About these NPCMJ interfaces

We are deeply indebted to the developers of basex, alpinocorpus tools, flamegraph, Berkeley parser, UniDic, and mecab.

Treebank Semantics, View Semantics (including parse_indexed), and HARUNIWA2 (including scaffolding) are developed as parts of the NPCMJ project.