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Context for aozora_Kuroshima-1970

title:Nomin bungaku no mondai
author:Kuroshima, Denji
date: 1970
source:Kuroshima Denji Zenshu; Aozora Bunko (http://www.aozora.gr.jp/cards/000037/card45453.html)
genre:non-fiction
subcorpus:Aozora Bunko
terms of use:Creative Commons license


 1noomin-bungaku ni-taisuru , puroretaria-bungaku-undoo no jin'ei-nai ni-oke-ru kanshin wa , saikin , shidai ni takamat te ki te iru .
 2nihon-puroretaria-sakka-doomei de wa , noomin-bungaku ni-taisuru tokushu na kenkyuu-kai ga mota re ta .
 3harikofu de no kokusai-kakumei-sakka-kakudai-purenamu no ketsugi wa nihon no puroretaria-bungaku-undoo ga , shikkari to taishuu no naka ni ne o hari , kokusai-teki na renkan ni-oi-te zenshin shi te iku tame ni , mottomo juuyoo na , sashiatat-te dai-ichi ban ni gidai to-shi-te wareware ga toogi shi , gutai-ka shi nakere ba nara nai ikuta no kichoo na teian o nashi te iru .
 4puroretaria-bungaku-undoo wa , zeitaku na kashi o kuu shoosuu-kaikyuu de naku , hitokire no pan ni mo kotokai te ue , katsu , toosoo shi te iru roodoo-sha-noomin-taishuu no naka ni shikkari to shi ta kiso o oki , shikamo kokkyoo ni mo , umi ni mo yama ni mo samatage rare zu , kokusai-teki ni musubitsuki , hatten shi te iku .
 5-- sono harikofu-kaigi no nihon-puroretaria-bungaku-undoo ni-tsui-te no ketsugi wa , noomin-bungaku ni-kanshi-te ‘ kokunai ni ookina noomin-soo o motsu nihon ni-at-te wa , noomin-bungaku ni-taisuru puroretariaato no eikyoo o shinka suru undoo ga issoo chuui sa reru hitsuyoo ga aru . nihon-puroretaria-sakka-doomei no naibu ni noomin-bungaku-kenkyuu-kai ga tokusetsu sa re nakere ba nara nu . shikashi , iu made-mo naku , sore ga , akumade mo puroretariaato no hegemonii no shita ni oka re nakere ba nara nu koto wa mochiron de aru . ’ to it te iru .
 6noomin no seikatsu o daizai to-shi-te toriatsukau baai , puroretaria-bungaku wa , doo-iu taido to tachiba o-mot-te nozomu ka , soshite , doo-iu kooka o shoki shi nakere ba nara nai ka , to-iu koto wa , daitai gensoku-teki ni wa , rikai sa re te i ta .
 7sore wa , ‘ tsuchi no geijutsu ’ to-ka ‘ nooson no bunka ’ to-ka , nooson o toshi ni tairitsu sa se te , noomin wa , noomin-dokuji no chikara ni-yot-te kaihoo sa re uru ga gotoku kangae te iru mu-seifu-shugi-teki na tan-noo-shugi-sha too no tachiba to wa , saisho no shuppatsu kara sono hookoo o i ni shi te i ta .
 8noomin-seikatsu o daizai to shi te mo , sono bungaku no nerau , shuyoo na pointo wa , puroretaria-bungaku ga shoki suru no to onaji hookoo ni itchi sa se yoo to , tsune-ni doryoku sa re te ki te iru .
 9shikashi noomin to , koojoo-puroretaria to wa , sono shozoku suru kaikyuu ga chigat te iru .
 10soshite puroretaria-bungaku ga ‘ zen'ei no tachiba ni tat te mono o nerai , katsu egaku ’ to-iu konpon-teki na hooshin ga , sudeni , ichi nen mae ni kakuritsu sa re , shitsuteki-hiyaku no dai-ip po ga fumidasa re te iru toki , koojoo-roodoo-sha to wa chigat ta tokushu na seikatsu-jooken , chiri-kankyoo , shuukan , hoshu-sei too o mot ta noomin , soshite , sore-ra no iroiro na jooken ni shihai sa reru noomin no yokkyuu ya kanjoo ya , kankaku nado o , puroretariaato no bungaku kara , doo-iu fuu ni toriatsukai , hyoogen shi nakere ba nara nai ka ?
 11sore ni-tsui-te wa , mada riron-teki ni mo jissen-teki ni mo , juubun na , meikaku na kaiketsu ga nasa re te i nai .
 12nihon no kindai-bungaku wa , burujoa-bungaku mo , soshite , puroretaria-bungaku mo noomin no seikatsu ni-taisuru kanshin no mochi-kata ga tari nakat ta .
 13noomin o mama-ko-atsukai ni shi te i ta .
 14naruhodo , noomin no seikatsu kara shuzai shi ta sakuhin , kosaku-nin to jinushi to no tairitsu o egai ta sakuhin , nooson ni-oke-ru noomin-kumiai no katsudoo o toriatsukat ta sakuhin too wa , puroretaria-bungaku ni wa iku tsu ka aru .
 15tateno-nobuyuki , hosono-koojiroo , nakano-shigeharu , kobayashi-takiji too ni-yot-te iku tsu ka wa seisan sa re te iru .
 16soko ni wa , aruiwa koku-mei ni hatsuratsu to , aruiwa imijiku mo genjitsu-teki ni , aruiwa , migaka re ta geijutsu-sei o-mot-te tanjun-so-boku ni , aruiwa , taishuu-sei to hiro-sa to o nerat te noomin no seikatsu ga kuri-hiroge rare te iru .
 17nakano-shigeharu no ‘ tetsu-no-hanashi-sono-ichi ’ ni wa , ekkusu no kakageru suroogan o gutai-teki na shuyoo na teema to-shi-te takumi ni , enkyoku ni ikashi te iru .
 18koo-iu mondai wa , puroretaria-bungaku ni-oi-te , noomin no seikatsu o atsukat te mo , mochiron , donna konnan o okashi te mo toriage nakere ba nara nai mono de aru .
 19kobayashi-takiji no ‘ fuzai-jinushi ’ ni wa , roodoo-sha to noomin no teikei no hoo-ga ga , bungaku-teki ni toriatsukawa re te iru .
 20sono ten ni-oi-te wa , kore wa saisho no kokoromi ga nasa re te iru to iu koto ga dekiru .
 21hirabayashi-taiko , kaneko-hirofumi ni mo , sorezore shinshuu , akita no noomin o egai te , haaku no tashika-sa o shimeshi ta mono ga aru .
 22shin da yamamoto-katsuji ni wa , kaikyuu-toosoo no naka ni seichoo shi ta seinen rashii atarashi-sa ga ikubun ka sakuhin no naka ni ikasa re yoo to shi te i ta .
 23shikashi , kore-ra no sakka ni-yot-te , genzai made ni seisan sa re ta bungaku wa , tanni ryoo nomi o mondai to shi te mo , waga-kuni-jinkoo no dai-bubun o shimeru kyodai na noomin-soo ni-hishi-te , kesshite oo sugiru dokoro de wa nai .
 24sukunai .
 25mochiron ikken haiiro de tanjun ni mie te , sono jitsu , fukuzatsu de tayoo na , nakanaka hara no soko o wat te mise nai noomin no seikatsu o juubun , ikyoku o tsukushi te hyoogen shi e te iru to wa ie nai .
 26burujoa-bungaku ni naru to , motto noomin o , mama-ko-atsukai ni shi te iru .
 27shimazaki-tooson no ‘ chikuma-gawa-no-suketchi ’ sono ta ni , bubun-teki ni choichoi araware te iru no to , nagatsuka-setsu no , noomin-bungaku o ronjiru toki ni wa dare ni de-mo kanarazu hippari-dasa reru yuiitsu no ‘ tsuchi ’ igai ni wa , hotondo mitsukara nai .
 28tamatama atsukawa re te iru ka to omou to , mayama-seika no ‘ minami-koizumi-mura ’ no yoo ni fuketsu de kemono no yoo na noomin ga keihaku na bubetsu-teki-taido de , hana o hikkake rare te iru .
 29sono ato no burujoa-bungaku wa , ichi-ni no sakuhin de noomin o daizai to shi te iru koto ga at te mo , hotondo dai-bubun ga , shu-to-shi-te shoo-burujoa-soo ya , interigencha ni chiyahoya shi te , noomin oba , chotto , yokome de niran da dake de sudoori shi te shimat ta .
 30sore wa burujoa-bungaku to-shi-te wa toozen de aru ga , kare-ra ga , ip pai no mugimeshi ni mo konnan suru noomin , soshite kare-ra ga jooshoku to suru kome o tsukuridashi te iru noomin to , kare-ra no bungaku ga nan-ra no kankei o mo mota nakat ta .
 31soshite , kare-ra no bungaku wa , te no shiroi , roodoo shi nai shoosuu no mono ni sasage rare ta bungaku de at ta koto o , sono shoo-burujoa-teki-sakka-taido to awase te , hakkiri to monogataru igai no nani mono de mo nai .
 32daizai to-shi-te , sono-mono o toriage nai to-iu koto wa , sono-mono ni-taisuru mu-kanshin o imi suru .
 33taishoo juu-san nen ka juu-yo nen koro de at ta to omou .
 34yoshie-takamatsu , nakamura-seiko , katoo-takeo , inuta-shigeru too ga sore made no toshi-bungaku ni hankoo shi te iwayuru noomin-bungaku o hyooboo shi ta noomin-bungaku-kai o okoshi ta .
 35tsukizuki reikai o mot ta .
 36kaiin wa osoraku nisanjuu nin mo i ta de-aroo .
 37shikashi , soko kara noomin o atsukat te bungaku-teki ni mi o musun da no wa sasaki-toshiroo hitori kiri de at ta .
 38sasaki-toshiroo wa iwayuru noomin-sakka-rashii noomin-sakka de aru .
 39noomin no seikatsu o shit te iru .
 40kiwamete noomin-teki na shizen na sugata ni-oi-te hyoogen suru .
 41ga , are dake noomin , nooson o shiri nagara , kaku made noomin ga hi-ningen-teki na seikatsu ni tsukiotosa re , samazama na higeki kigeki ga tenkai suru , sono yot te kuru shin no konkyo ga doko ni aru ka o tsukitsume te kyuumei shi , tekihatsu suru koto ga deki nai no wa , han-toshi-bungaku no rachi-nai kara sukoshi mo de nakat ta noomin-bungaku-kai no keitoo o hii ta sakka-teki-tachiba ni gen'in shi te iru to omou .
 42genzai de wa , sakka-kojin to-shi-te roodoo-sha-noomin ni-kansuru doo-iu kuwashii chishiki , keiken o mot te i yoo tomo , kaikyuu-teki na soshiki no naka de kunren sa re nakere ba , iki ta sugata ni-oi-te tadashiku , sore o ninshiki shi hyoogen suru koto ga deki naku nari taishuu-genjitsu kara torinokosa re te hen na hookoo ni mayoikon de shimau .
 43to-iu koto o , sasaki-toshiroo o miru toki , tsuusetsu ni kanjiru no de aru .
 44-- ‘ naruhodo ima made no wareware no noomin-bungaku wa , nihon-noogyoo no tokushu-sei o sanagara no sugata de utsushitot ta . sore wa , noorin-shoo no “ honpoo-noogyoo-yooran ” ni araware ta suuji yori-mo , motto seikaku ni nihon-noomin no seikatsu o egakidashi te i ta . keredo-mo , sore dake ni tomat te i ta . ’ to nappu san gatsu goo de ikeda-toshio wa it te iru .
 45tashika ni , sore wa sono toori , sore dake ni tomat te i ta no de aru .
 46noorin-shoo no ‘ honpoo-noogyoo-yooran ’ yori wa seikaku ni noomin no seikatsu o egakidashi te wa iru daroo .
 47keredo-mo , kesshite , kore made no nihon no noomin-seikatsu o , juubun ni sono tokushu-sei ni-oi-te , samazama na sugata de egaki e te iru to jifu suru koto wa deki nai .
 48oyoso , jijitsu wa hantai ni chikai .
 49mushiro , harawa re ta doryoku ga amari ni sukunakat ta .
 50noomin no seikatsu wa juurai , bungaku ni toriage rare ta ijoo ni motto fukuzatsu de ari , tokushu-sei ni tomi , nootan , samazama na tayoo-sei to henka o mot te iru .
 51ano sei-too o kiwame ta shajitsu-teki na ‘ tsuchi ’ de-sae , shikoku-chihoo ni sodat ta mono ya , kyuushuu-chihoo ni sodat ta mono ga , jibun no me de mi , nikutai de kanji ta nooson to , ‘ tsuchi ’ no nooson to o omoikurabe te chigat te iru koto ni kizuku .
 52‘ tsuchi ’ ni wa kiwamete wazuka no koto ga seisai ni kaka re te iru ni sugi nai koto o kanjiru no de aru .
 53nihon-jin ga roshia-bungaku o yon de kanjiru too-sa mo , soko ni aru .
 54kore wa , hito tsu ni wa chiri-teki-kankei ga gen'in shi te iru no daroo .
 55sore-dake , wareware ga noomin-bungaku no sho-mondai o puroretariaato no tachiba kara kaiketsu suru ni-atat-te , konnan-sa ga yori ooku aru to iwa nakere ba nara nai .
 56sore-dake yarigai mo aru .
 57puroretaria-bungaku ni wa , burujoa-bungaku ga , noomin ni wa , hotondo me mo kure zu-ni sudoori shi te shimat ta , soo-iu koto wa zettai ni yurusa re nai no de aru .
 58wareware wa kako no noomin-seikatsu ni-tsui-te mo , juubun na musubitsuki ga kesshite nasa re te i nakat ta shi , taiken ya chishiki mo hoofu de nakat ta .
 59kotoni , genzai no , shinkoku na noogyoo-kyookoo no moto de , futan no yariba o ryookata ni ok-kabuse rare te gashi shi nai no ga mushiro fushigi na noomin no seikatsu , goohoo-musan-seitoo o-mot-te roonoo-teikei no mondai o goma-ka-shi-saro o to suru shakai-minshu-shugi-sha-domo no gi-man o toppa shi te shin ni kaikyuu-sei o mot ta teikei ni mukat te susun de iru hinnoo-taishuu no toosoo too ni-tsui-te wa , mada mattaku wareware no bungaku ni han'ei sa shi te wa i nai .
 60shikashi , kono mondai no kaiketsu ni , wareware wa , genzai no iku nin ka no sakka ga toosoo no genjitsu ni ka-ke-ashi de oitsuku koto ni-yot-te bungaku o oshisusume yoo to suru yoo na sonna kechi na tokoro ni juuten o oi te wa nara nai .
 61roonoo-taishuu no naka kara , geijutsu-ka o kakusei sa se kare-ra o hattatsu sa seru koto ni-yot-te bungaku o oshisusumeru no de aru .
 62taishuu ni rikai sa re , aisa re , taishuu no kanjoo-yokkyuu ni musubitsui te aji_ cdot_ -puro suru bungaku wa soko kara umare te kuru no de-aroo .
 63soshite , ima-ya , soshiki ni-yoru sore ga gutai-teki-kaiketsu e no ip po ga fumidasa re nakere ba nara nai .